Tana Toraja Land and Lake Tempe Tours South Sulawesi 06 Days 05 Nights Adventures
The Toraja are an ethnic group indigenous to a mountainous region of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Their population is approximately 650,000, of which 450,000 still live in the regency of Tana Toraja (“Land of Toraja”).Most of the population is Christian, and others are Muslim or have local animist beliefs known as aluk (“the way”). The Indonesian government has recognized this animist belief as Aluk To Dolo (“Way of the Ancestors”).
The word toraja comes from the Bugis language’s to riaja, meaning “people of the uplands”. The Dutch colonial government named the people Toraja in 1909.Torajans are renowned for their elaborate funeral rites, burial sites carved into rocky cliffs, massive peaked-roof traditional houses known as tongkonan, and colorful wood carvings. Toraja funeral rites are important social events, usually attended by hundreds of people and lasting for several days.
Before the 20th century, Torajans lived in autonomous villages, where they practised animism and were relatively untouched by the outside world. In the early 1900s, Dutch missionaries first worked to convert Torajan highlanders to Christianity. When the Tana Toraja regency was further opened to the outside world in the 1970s, it became an icon of tourism in Indonesia: it was exploited by tourism developers and studied by anthropologists.By the 1990s, when tourism peaked, Toraja society had changed significantly, from an agrarian model — in which social life and customs were outgrowths of the Aluk To Dolo—to a largely Christian society.
The Torajan people had little notion of themselves as a distinct ethnic group before the 20th century. Before Dutch colonization and Christianization, Torajans, who lived in highland areas, identified with their villages and did not share a broad sense of identity. Although complexes of rituals created linkages between highland villages, there were variations in dialects, differences in social hierarchies, and an array of ritual practices in the Sulawesi highland region. “Toraja” (from the coastal languages’ to, meaning people; and riaja, uplands) was first used as a lowlander expression for highlanders. As a result, “Toraja” initially had more currency with outsiders—such as the Bugis and Makassarese, who constitute a majority of the lowland of Sulawesi—than with insiders. The Dutch missionaries’ presence in the highlands gave rise to the Toraja ethnic consciousness in the Sa’dan Toraja region, and this shared identity grew with the rise of tourism in the Tana Toraja Regency. Since then, South Sulawesi has four main ethnic groups—the Bugis (the majority, including shipbuilders and seafarers), the Makassarese (lowland traders and seafarers), the Mandarese (traders and fishermen), and the Toraja (highland rice cultivators).
Buginese Tribe of South Sulawesi
The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesia’s third largest island. Although many Bugis live in the large port cities of Makassar and Parepare, the majority are farmers who grow wet rice on the lowland plains to the north and west of the town of Maros. The name Bugis is an exonym which represents an older form of the name; (To) Ugi is the endonym.
The Bugis speak a distinct regional language in addition to Indonesian, called Basa Ugi, Bugis or Buginese. In reality, there are a several dialects, some of which are sufficiently different from others to be considered separate languages. Bugis belongs to the South Sulawesi language group; other members include Makasar, Toraja, Mandar and Enrekang, each being a series of dialects.
Bugis belongs to the South Sulawesi language group; other members include Makasar, Toraja, Mandar and Enrekang, each being a series of dialects.
TANA TORAJA AND SOUTH SULAWESI TOURS 06 DAYS 05 NIGHTS
DAY 01 : MAKASSAR – PARE PARE – TORAJA ( L.D )
Upon arrival at Hasanuddin Airport, Meeting Service. Transfer directly to Toraja Land with 08 hours drive takes across the Bugis Village with their houses on poles along the magnificent mountaionous ranges. Lunch will be served at Bukit Indah Restaurant in Pare-Pare, a small port situated 155 kms north of UjungPandang. Refreshment at the Hill-Top of Puncak Lakawan and enjoy the beautiful scenery of the Erotic mountain. Late Afternoon Arrive in Toraja Land , check-in to Hotel for overnight and dinner.
DAY 02 : FULL DAY TORAJA TOUR ( B.L.D )
Breakfast at hotel. Full day visiting : the stone grave with tau-tau installed on a high cliff balcony overlooking the green valley of the Toraja at LEMO, The royal family tombs at SUAYA. and then we continue on to royal family tombs at SUAYA. We shall then make a easy walk to see a giant-tree made as burial site for a new born-baby who died before teething at KAMBIRA. After Lunch, we drive to The traditional carving village at KETE KESU, Natural burial cave at LONDA. The typical village at NANGGALA with 16 rice-barns standing in a raw as a sign of their wealthy status in Toraja community. Then continue on to visit the ancient house-grave at MARANTE village. Late afternoon back to hotel for overnight and dinner.
DAY 03 : FULL DAY TORAJA TOUR ( B.L.D )
Breakfast at hotel. Full day visiting ; the Traditional Toraja village with full buffalo horns in front of their houses at PALAWA, Traditional weaving village at SA’DAN, and the ancient Megalithic stone at BORI. Lunch will be served at local restaurant on the slope of Mount Sesean where you can also enjoy the terraced rice-fields with a fascinating mountainous view at BATUTUMONGA, After lunch, take a small trek from LOKOMATA to PANA and will be picked at the other side of the village at TIKALA then we transfer you back to hotel for overnight and dinner.
Note : A traditional funeral ceremony which can be reached by foot will be included within two days Toraja tour. A typical torajan local fruits & live stuff market can also be visited during your two days tour in Toraja Land.
DAY 04 : TORAJA – SENGKANG( B.L.D )
After breakfast at hotel. Leaving Toraja Land for Sengkang with few stops enroute for some interesting stuff. Lunch enroute at local restaurant. Arrive in Sengkang, take a boat-trip on “TEMPE” lake to see the way of life of those who still live on their floating houses. Take a refresment while enjoying the sun-set view from this floating house. And with your driver and Guide, visiting the traditional silk-weaving village. Late afteroon Check-in to your hotel for overnight and dinner.
DAY 05 : SENGKANG – BANTIMURUNG – MAKASSAR ( B.L.D )
After breakfast at hotel. 4 hours drive trip to makassar with a stop at Bantimurung to enjoy the beautiful waterfall and some rare species of most spectacular colorful butterfies at green mountainous view.Lunch will be served enroute. Afternoon proceed to the main city of Makassar and directly check-in to hotel for your overnight stay and dinner will be served at sea-food restaurant in Makassar.
DAY 06: MAKASSAR – AIRPORT ( B )
After breakfast at hotel. A short city tour and then proceed to Airport for your next destination.
Rate : Euro 680/person twin share
Tours Included :
– Pick up and transfer services from Hassanudin Makassar Airport
– English Speaking Guide, Others on request
– AC vehicle
– All Accommodation
– All meals
– All tours per itineraries
– Funeral entrance fees
– All local guides
– Boating at Lake Tempe ( For Other Tours )
– Mineral drinking water
Tours Excluded :
– Return air tickets to and from Makassar
– Alcoholic and non alcholic drinks
– Tipping for the driver and guide
– Village donation
– Phone calls
– Airport porter and airport taxes
– Any personal expenses